We get this question all the time from our customers and many companies think they can leverage their existing security mechanisms in the Cloud. However, in reality, the Cloud is an entirely different arena. At Crypteron, we often have to remind customers of the security risks of being in the cloud; and to do that we must look at why things are so different in the Cloud.
Traditionally, companies are used to having their own datacenter with their own hardware running only their application. Or perhaps they use a co-location facility (termed CoLo in the industry) with their hardware sitting in a locked cage physically separating their servers and databases from other Co-Lo customers. In this environment, you are not sharing hardware with others and in theory, only you have access to the hardware equipment. This physical separation and physical security isn’t complete in itself but does offer a layer of protection that is otherwise missing in the cloud.
Now, moving to the Cloud, everything is shared. And you own nothing. Not only does the hardware belong to another company (the cloud provider), but that hardware is likely being shared by other organizations too. It is hard, often impossible, to map a 1:1 relationship between physical resource like CPU cores, storage drives, network interfaces etc and their virtual counterparts. It is possible that your data resides on the same physically media as your competitor or another cloud customer currently being investigated by a government agency for questionable behavior. If the government investigation team (eg: FBI, NSA etc) requests a copy of that physical drive, your sensitive data suddenly becomes part of the collateral damage without you ever knowing it.
Even if we leave law enforcement aside, the fact remains that it’s the cloud provider who owns the cloud equipment and you are merely renting it. This implies that there is usually an administrator on the cloud provider’s side who always has access to all resources just to ensure that everything is up and running. This is especially true as we step into the next evolution of cloud technologies via ‘Platform as a service’ where the service provider own not just the physical hardware and the virtualized hardware but also the operating system hosting the PaaS application. So even if the Cloud providing company has no interest in your data, a disgruntled employee from the Cloud provider’s team can ruin your company via data leaks. Worse of all, there will always be someone outside your organization who has access to your Cloud data.
These are just few of the reasons why it is absolutely critical to have data encryption in the Cloud. Very strong encryption! In addition, compliance requirements also make it illegal to operate in the cloud without adequate protection for your sensitive data. That is a topic in itself so we’ll save that for another blog post.
This is why we exist today. Our military-grade, cloud data security solutions ensure that you have the highest level of security so your IT department can focus on the things that actually make your business unique from the competition.